Arp, Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Man Ray and Kurt Schwitters.
Dada artists felt the war called into question every aspect of a society capable of starting and then prolonging it – including its art. Their aim was to destroy traditional values in art and to create a new art to replace the old. In addition to being anti-war, dada was also anti-bourgeois and had political affinities with the radical left. The founder of dada was a writer, Hugo Ball. In 1916 he started a satirical night-club in Zurich, the Cabaret Voltaire, and a magazine which, wrote Ball, ‘will bear the name ”Dada”. Dada, Dada, Dada, Dada.’ This was the first of many dada publications. Dada became an international movement and eventually formed the basis of surrealism in Paris after the war. Duchamp’s questioning of the fundamentals of Western art had a profound subsequent influence.