(1945-1970) European Abstraction
Chu Teh-Chun, Jean Dubuffet, Jean Fautrier, Hans Hartung, Yves Klein, Georges Mathieu, Serge Poliakoff, Gehrard Richter, Vieira da Silva, Pierre Soulages, Nicolas de Staël, and Zao Wou-Ki.
While the post-war period left the capitals of Europe in upheaval, with an urgency to economically and physically rebuild and to politically regroup, in Paris, formerly the center of European culture and capital of the art world, the climate for art was a disaster, and New York replaced Paris as the new center of the art world. Post-war Europe saw the continuation of Surrealism, Cubism, Dada, and the works of Matisse. Also in Europe, Art brut, and Lyrical Abstraction or Tachisme (the European equivalent to abstract expressionism) took hold of the newest generation. Hans Hartung, Serge Poliakoff, Nicolas de Staël, Georges Mathieu, Vieira da Silva, Jean Dubuffet, Yves Klein, Pierre Soulages, Chu The-Chun and Zao Wou-Ki, among others are considered important figures in post-war European painting. In the United States, a new generation of American artists began to emerge and to dominate the world stage, and they were called Abstract Expressionists.